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Senior Living Redevelopment: How to Remain Relevant and Profitable

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By Earl Wade, VP/Senior Director of Business Development

NIC_share of sheniors housing properties by age of property (2)The majority of senior living communities in the U.S. were developed in the 1980s and ‘90s. NIC data from 2016 shows 58% of properties have existed for 17+ years; many in the category are 25+ years old.

If your community falls into this category of “aging communities” and hasn’t gone through significant renovations, redevelopment or a repositioning, or doesn’t have a strategic plan in place to do so in the near future, your community runs the risk of becoming irrelevant.

The Need for Repositioning and Importance of Reinvesting in Communities

Following the 2008 recession, many senior living communities (especially not-for-profit) put the brakes on renovations or redevelopment projects. In our experience, communities that delayed renovations hindered their future sustainability and revenue generation. It’s not too late to make it a priority, develop a strategic plan and execute your repositioning strategy.

Redevelopment Dominates Senior Housing Trends

The days of building a 300-unit Life Plan Community aren’t what they used to be. New developments are high capital-intensive deals. Combine that with time to market pressures and rising land costs (especially in the northeast U.S.), and senior living communities continue to move toward redevelopment of existing campuses.

LZ 150 Chart
In the latest LeadingAge Zeigler 150 report of top providers, the survey shows the gap continues to widen among not-for-profit providers planning to grow through expansions or repositioning of existing communities, as opposed to adding new locations.

Repositioning or expanding existing communities is optimal when people already know who you are, and your community has a good reputation in the marketplace. There are several advantages from a financial standpoint because you have base costs in place. In terms of staffing, you’re adding incremental staff as you add incremental revenue. You’re building margin and financial ratios. It fits your mission and is manageable in the eyes of the board of directors.

Growth through satellite campuses (adding a property near a community where some services and amenities can be easily shared) is also a solid option we recommend for some senior living systems. This option is best for organizations with a strong capital base in a market that’s growing. It’s an opportunity to achieve economies of scale and leverage higher fixed costs, i.e., HR, accounting and other support areas. You can put best practices in place and capture a bigger piece of market share.

Attracting the Changing Senior Living Consumer

It’s imperative to know what seniors want, what they need, and what will sell. Our team takes great pride in the level of research we do and have access to before starting a project. Here’s one example. Additionally, my colleague Joel Bleeker, director of design for LCS Development, recently highlighted 6 senior living design trends and approaches to align with evolving desires. Determining the right repositioning and redevelopment plan sets a successful course for years to come. It can even change your resident base and result in a dramatic shift to a younger, more affluent resident.

Proven Results

At one community that partnered with LCS Development for master planning and redevelopment, the new residential units and amenities from the finished project resulted in buyers:

  • 8 years younger than its current resident base
  • Median home value and annual income were +70% higher
  • Median total assets 125% higher, more than double current residents’
  • +25% increase in couples vs. single/widowers

Not all repositioning projects will produce such a dramatic shift in residents, but even one-third of these results can be a revenue game changer for many senior living communities.

Multimillion Dollar Do-It-Yourself Redevelopments

That phrase alone should raise eyebrows. When you’re an existing community, your team should focus on management, not a DIY project. You’re running a multimillion-dollar business, and few communities or organizations have extra employees on hand to lead an efficient and effective redevelopment. Therefore, many senior living leaders find success partnering with a development team to strategically plan and carry out a redevelopment project.

Our team at LCS Development has stepped in after communities have tried to take on a redevelopment themselves. While it’s common for projects to encounter minor speed bumps along the way, unfortunately, we’ve seen some hit a brick wall. For example, initial project steps took twice as long as anticipated, and twice as much money had been spent. We’re not saying you can’t complete a redevelopment yourself, but there is a big reputational and financial risk at stake. It’s not a risk we recommend given the influx of new senior living communities entering the market. And if your costs get high on a redevelopment project, it will put intense pressure on your pricing model down the road to make up for excess spending.

Tip: Put your best foot forward by partnering with an experienced development team to help mitigate risks and manage the process.

Planning Steps to Remain Relevant and Profitable

  • Start with the end goal in mind. Too often communities start with where they are rather than where they want to be.
  • Once we know where we’re trying to go, we can determine how far away we are today.
  • Do the homework. Analyze the market, competitors, demand and consumer desires.
  • Consciously identify areas of differentiation. It’s key to remaining relevant.
  • Determine external information to measure against.
  • Establish a small number of metrics that matter most to your community and are critical to staying on the road to success and remaining profitable. Ensure visibility and accountability to these metrics.

Going Forward

If you don’t have experience carrying out redevelopment projects, our biggest recommendation is to surround yourself with people who do. Our LCS Development team will collaborate with you to help ensure your project meets its goals each step of the way.

We’re a strategic third-party redevelopment partner and if you can envision it, we can help you build it. We’d look forward to discussing your end goals and how we can help get you there.

Hear what others say about working with us. Contact us with any questions. Or learn more by downloading our presentation Revitalize Your Community & Your Revenue.

About Earl Wade:

Earl Wade is the vice president/senior director of business development for LCS. He is responsible for assisting the LCS Family of Companies with structuring strategic relationships, establishing new partnerships and expanding into new territories. Before founding CRSA in 1989, Earl served as a partner with the accounting firm of Ernst & Whinney (now Ernst & Young), where he led the firm’s senior housing consulting practice. He has served on the board of directors of CRSA Holdings, the BayWoods Cooperative Housing Association, and the Trezevant Episcopal Home. He has also been a member of the advisory committee to the National Continuing Care Data Base and the NIC owner operator advisory council. A graduate of the University of Alabama with a bachelor’s degree in accounting, Earl is also a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and LeadingAge.